SPECIALS/EVENTS IN THE AEGEAN SEA
MAUSOLEUM OF HALICARNASSUS (BODRUM)
A must see in Bodrum: With it imposing and exceptional architecture, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus still fascinate anyone who visits it. It is considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: "No other can be compared to it, neither in size nor in beauty. It is emblazoned with the most perfect works of art, the images of man and horses made of the finest marble. "(Lucian about 150 AD)
Shortly after its construction, the magnificent tomb of Mausolus II, a petty king of Caria and Persian satraps (377-353 BC), was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Located in the ancient Greek city of Halicarnassus (today’s Bodrum), on the southwest coast of Turkey, the archaeological site gives only a rough idea of the then 49-meter-high imposing structure. An architectural masterpiece of the ancient times.
Initially built by Mausolos II himself, then by his sister and consort Artemisia II as a tomb, the construction was special: The most famous contemporary artists in Greece - Leochares, Timotheos, Skopas and Bryaxis - each received the order to design a side.
Until the 13th century, the mausoleum stood undamaged in Halicarnassus, when a major earthquake brought it to collapse. Gradually, the Knights Templar began to remove the remains of the ruins of the mausoleum and used for the construction of the fort St. Peter at the port. Even today one can see the gray-green cuboid stones in the walls of the fort. The most important finds with many parts of the frieze and sculptures are in London in the British Museum.
The term "mausoleum" designating an oversized grave is till today used in many languages. It has thus survived the time despite the destruction.
Open: Tuesday to Sunday 8:30 - 16:30
Closed: on Monday
Entrance fee: 8 YTL